Keyboard shortcuts are combinations of two or more keys that, when pressed, can be used to perform a task that would typically require a mouse or other pointing device. Keyboard shortcuts can make it easier to interact with your computer, saving you time and effort as you work with Windows and other programs.
Most programs also provide accelerator keys that can make it easier to work with menus and other commands. Check the menus of programs for accelerator keys. If a letter is underlined in a menu, that usually means that pressing the Alt key in combination with the underlined key will have the same effect as clicking that menu item.
Pressing the Alt key in some programs, such as Paint and WordPad, shows commands that are labeled with additional keys that you can press to use them.
You can also create new keyboard shortcuts to open programs. For more information, see Create keyboard shortcuts to open programs.
The following table contains keyboard shortcuts that can help make your computer easier to use.
Right Shift for eight seconds
Turn Filter Keys on and off
Left Alt+Left Shift+PrtScn (or PrtScn)
Turn High Contrast on or off
Left Alt+Left Shift+Num Lock
Turn Mouse Keys on or off
Shift five times
Turn Sticky Keys on or off
Num Lock for five seconds
Turn Toggle Keys on or off
Open the Ease of Access Center
The following table contains general keyboard shortcuts.
Ctrl+C (or Ctrl+Insert)
Copy the selected item
Cut the selected item
Ctrl+V (or Shift+Insert)
Paste the selected item
Undo an action
Redo an action
Delete (or Ctrl+D)
Delete the selected item and move it to the Recycle Bin
Delete the selected item without moving it to the Recycle Bin first
Rename the selected item
Move the cursor to the beginning of the next word
Move the cursor to the beginning of the previous word
Move the cursor to the beginning of the next paragraph
Move the cursor to the beginning of the previous paragraph
Ctrl+Shift with an arrow key
Select a block of text
Shift with any arrow key
Select more than one item in a window or on the desktop, or select text within a document
Ctrl with any arrow key+Spacebar
Select multiple individual items in a window or on the desktop
Select all items in a document or window
Search for a file or folder
Display properties for the selected item
Close the active item, or exit the active program
Open the shortcut menu for the active window
Close the active document (in programs that allow you to have multiple documents open simultaneously)
Switch between open items
Use the arrow keys to switch between open items
Ctrl+Mouse scroll wheel
Change the size of icons on the desktop
Cycle through programs on the taskbar by using Aero Flip 3-D
Use the arrow keys to cycle through programs on the taskbar by using Aero Flip 3-D
Cycle through items in the order in which they were opened
Cycle through screen elements in a window or on the desktop
Display the address bar list in Windows Explorer
Display the shortcut menu for the selected item
Open the Start menu
Display the corresponding menu
Perform the menu command (or other underlined command)
Activate the menu bar in the active program
Open the next menu to the right, or open a submenu
Open the next menu to the left, or close a submenu
F5 (or Ctrl+R)
Refresh the active window
View the folder one level up in Windows Explorer
Cancel the current task
Open Task Manager
Shift when you insert a CD
Prevent the CD from automatically playing
Switch the input language when multiple input languages are enabled
Switch the keyboard layout when multiple keyboard layouts are enabled
Right or Left Ctrl+Shift
Change the reading direction of text in right-to-left reading languages
The following table contains keyboard shortcuts for use in dialog boxes.
Move forward through tabs
Move back through tabs
Move forward through options
Move back through options
Perform the command (or select the option) that goes with that letter
Replaces clicking the mouse for many selected commands
Select or clear the check box if the active option is a check box
Select a button if the active option is a group of option buttons
Display the items in the active list
Open a folder one level up if a folder is selected in the Save As or Open dialog box
Open or close the Start menu.
Display the System Properties dialog box.
Display the desktop.
Minimize all windows.
Restore minimized windows to the desktop.
Search for a file or folder.
Search for computers (if you're on a network).
Lock your computer or switch users.
Open the Run dialog box.
Cycle through programs on the taskbar.
Start the program pinned to the taskbar in the position indicated by the number. If the program is already running, switch to that program.
Start a new instance of the program pinned to the taskbar in the position indicated by the number.
Switch to the last active window of the program pinned to the taskbar in the position indicated by the number.
Open the Jump List for the program pinned to the taskbar in the position indicated by the number.
Cycle through programs on the taskbar by using Aero Flip 3-D.
Use the arrow keys to cycle through programs on the taskbar by using Aero Flip 3-D.
Switch to the program that displayed a message in the notification area.
Preview the desktop.
Maximize the window.
Maximize the window to the left side of the screen.
Maximize the window to the right side of the screen.
Minimize the window.
Minimize all but the active window.
Stretch the window to the top and bottom of the screen.
Move a window from one monitor to another.
Choose a presentation display mode.
Cycle through gadgets.
Open Ease of Access Center.
Open Windows Mobility Center.
The following table contains keyboard shortcuts for working with Windows Explorer windows or folders.
Open a new window
Close the current window
Create a new folder
Display the bottom of the active window
Display the top of the active window
Maximize or minimize the active window
Rotate a picture clockwise
Rotate a picture counter-clockwise
Num Lock+Asterisk (*) on numeric keypad
Display all subfolders under the selected folder
Num Lock+Plus Sign (+) on numeric keypad
Display the contents of the selected folder
Num Lock+Minus Sign (-) on numeric keypad
Collapse the selected folder
Collapse the current selection (if it's expanded), or select the parent folder
Open the Properties dialog box for the selected item
Display the preview pane
View the previous folder
Display the current selection (if it's collapsed), or select the first subfolder
View the next folder
View the parent folder
Display all folders above the selected folder
Change the size and appearance of file and folder icons
Select the address bar
Select the search box
The following table contains keyboard shortcuts for working with items on the taskbar.
Shift+Click on a taskbar button
Open a program or quickly open another instance of a program
Ctrl+Shift+Click on a taskbar button
Open a program as an administrator
Shift+Right-click on a taskbar button
Show the window menu for the program
Shift+Right-click on a grouped taskbar button
Show the window menu for the group
Ctrl+Click on a grouped taskbar button
Cycle through the windows of the group
The following table contains keyboard shortcuts for working with Magnifier.
Zoom in or out
Preview the desktop in full-screen mode
Switch to full-screen mode
Switch to lens mode
Switch to docked mode
Pan in the direction of the arrow keys
Resize the lens
The following table contains keyboard shortcuts for working with Remote Desktop Connection.
Move between programs from left to right.
Move between programs from right to left.
Cycle through programs in the order that they were started in.
Display the Start menu.
Switch between a window and full screen.
Display the Windows Security dialog box.
Display the system menu.
Ctrl+Alt+Minus Sign (-) on the numeric keypad
Place a copy of the active window, within the client, on the Terminal server clipboard (provides the same functionality as pressing Alt+PrtScn on a local computer).
Ctrl+Alt+Plus Sign (+) on the numeric keypad
Place a copy of the entire client window area on the Terminal server clipboard (provides the same functionality as pressing PrtScn on a local computer).
“Tab” out of the Remote Desktop controls to a control in the host program (for example, a button or a text box). Useful when the Remote Desktop controls are embedded in another (host) program.
Ctrl+Alt+Break and Ctrl+Alt+End are available in all Remote Desktop sessions, even when you've set up the remote computer to recognize Windows keyboard shortcuts.
The following table contains keyboard shortcuts for working with Paint.
Create a new picture
Open an existing picture
Save changes to a picture
Save the picture as a new file
Print a picture
Close a picture and its Paint window
Undo a change
Redo a change
Select the entire picture
Cut a selection
Copy a selection to the Clipboard
Paste a selection from the Clipboard
Move the selection or active shape right by one pixel
Move the selection or active shape left by one pixel
Move the selection or active shape down by one pixel
Move the selection or active shape up by one pixel
Cancel a selection
Delete a selection
Bold selected text
Increase the width of a brush, line, or shape outline by one pixel
Decrease the width of a brush, line, or shape outline by one pixel
Italicize selected text
Underline selected text
Open the Properties dialog box
Open the Resize and Skew dialog box
View a picture in full-screen mode
Show or hide the ruler
Show or hide gridlines
F10 or Alt
Show the current shortcut menu
Open Paint Help
The following table contains keyboard shortcuts for working with WordPad.
Create a new document
Open an existing document
Save changes to a document
Save the document as a new file
Print a document
Select the entire document
Make selected text bold
Make selected text subscript
Make selected text superscript
Align text left
Align text center
Align text right
Set single line spacing
Set double line spacing
Set line spacing to 1.5
Increase the font size
Decrease the font size
Change characters to all capitals
Change the bullet style
Insert a Microsoft Paint drawing
Find text in a document
Find the next instance of the text in the Find dialog box
Replace text in a document
Move the cursor one word to the left
Move the cursor one word to the right
Move the cursor to the line above
Move the cursor to the line below
Move to the beginning of the document
Move to the end of the document
Move up one page
Move down one page
Delete the next word
Open WordPad Help
The following table contains keyboard shortcuts for working with Calculator.
Switch to Standard mode
Switch to Scientific mode
Switch to Programmer mode
Switch to Statistics mode
Open date calculations
Turn calculation history on or off
Open unit conversion
Calculate or solve date calculations and worksheets
Open Calculator Help
Press the M- button
Press the M+ button
Press the MS button
Press the MR button
Press the MC button
Press the % button
Press the +/– button
Press the / button
Press the * button
Press the + button
Press the – button
Press the 1/× button
Press the square root button
Press the number buttons (0-9)
Press the = button
Press the . (decimal point) button
Press the backspace button
Press the C button
Press the CE button
Clear the calculation history
Edit the calculation history
Up Arrow key
Navigate up in the calculation history
Down Arrow key
Navigate down in the calculation history
Cancel editing the calculation history
Recalculate the calculation history after editing
Select Degrees in Scientific mode
Select Radians in Scientific mode
Select Grads in Scientific mode
Press the Inv button in Scientific mode
Press the Mod button in Scientific mode
Press the sinh button in Scientific mode
Press the cosh button in Scientific mode
Press the tanh button in Scientific mode
Press the ( button in Scientific mode
Press the ) button in Scientific mode
Press the ln button in Scientific mode
Press the Int button in Scientific mode
Press the sin button in Scientific mode
Press the cos button in Scientific mode
Press the tan button in Scientific mode
Press the dms button in Scientific mode
Press the pi button in Scientific mode
Press the F-E button in Scientific mode
Press the Exp button in Scientific mode
Press the x^2 button in Scientific mode
Press the x^y button in Scientific mode
Press the x^3 button in Scientific mode
Press the log button in Scientific mode
Press the n! button in Scientific mode
Press the y√x button in Scientific mode
Press the 3√x button in Scientific mode
Press the 10x button in Scientific mode
Select Hex in Programmer mode
Select Dec in Programmer mode
Select Oct in Programmer mode
Select Bin in Programmer mode
Select Qword in Programmer mode
Select Dword in Programmer mode
Select Word in Programmer mode
Select Byte in Programmer mode
Press the RoR button in Programmer mode
Press the RoL button in Programmer mode
Press the Lsh button in Programmer mode
Press the Rsh button in Programmer mode
Press the Mod button in Programmer mode
Press the ( button in Programmer mode
Press the ) button in Programmer mode
Press the Or button in Programmer mode
Press the Xor button in Programmer mode
Press the Not button in Programmer mode
Press the And button in Programmer mode
Press the A-F buttons in Programmer mode
Toggles the bit value in Programmer mode
Press the Average button in Statistics mode
Press the Average Sq button in Statistics mode
Press the Sum button in Statistics mode
Press the Sum Sq button in Statistics mode
Press the S.D. button in Statistics mode
Press the Inv S.D. button in Statistics mode
Press the CAD button in Statistics mode
The following table contains keyboard shortcuts for working with Windows Journal.
Start a new note
Open a recently used note
Save changes to a note
Move a note to a specific folder
Print a note
Close a note and its Journal window
Select all items on a page
Start a basic find
Go to a page
Refresh find results
Refresh the note list
Toggle between a note list and a note
Display a shortcut menu for column headings in a note list
View a note in full-screen mode
Open Journal Help
The following table contains keyboard shortcuts for working with the Help viewer.
Display the Table of Contents
Display the Connection Settings menu
Display the Options menu
Move back to the previously viewed topic
Move forward to the next (previously viewed) topic
Display the customer support page
Display the Help and Support home page
Move to the beginning of a topic
Move to the end of a topic
Search the current topic
Print a topic
Move the cursor to the search box