Permissions are rules associated with objects on a computer or network, such as files and folders. Permissions determine if you can access an object and what you can do with it. For example, you might have access to a document on a shared folder on a network but only be able to read the document and not make changes to it. System administrators and users with administrator accounts on computers can assign permissions to individual users or groups.

The following table lists the permission levels that are typically available for files and folders.

Permission level

Full control

Users can see the contents of a file or folder, change existing files and folders, create new files and folders, and run programs in a folder.


Users can change existing files and folders but cannot create new ones.

Read & execute

Users can see the contents of existing files and folders and can run programs in a folder.


Users can see the contents of a folder and open files and folders.


Users can create new files and folders and make changes to existing files and folders.